NITED NATIONS Marco Asensio Copa Mundial Camiseta
, Nov. 12 (Xinhua) -- Although significant declines in child deaths from pneumonia demonstrate that strategies to defeat the disease are working, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said Wednesday that much more is needed to stop hundreds of thousands of children from succumbing to the preventable illness as it marked the fifth World Pneumonia Day.
"Pneumonia is still a very dangerous disease -- it kills more children under five than HIVAIDS, malaria, injuries and measles combined -- and though the numbers are declining, with nearly 1 million deaths a year, there is no room for complacency," said Mickey Chopra Rodrigo Copa Mundial Camiseta
, head of UNICEF's global health programs, in a press release.
"Poverty is the biggest risk factor, and that means our efforts need to reach every child, no matter how marginalized," he said.
Pneumonia is still among the leading killers of children -- accounting for 15 percent of deaths, or approximately 940,000 children per year -- but deaths from the disease have declined by 44 percent since 2000 Jordi Alba Copa Mundial Camiseta
, according to recent UNICEF figures.
Deaths from pneumonia are highest in poor rural communities, the agency noted. Household air pollution is a major cause of pneumonia, so children from households that rely on solid fuels such as wood, dung or charcoal for cooking or heating are at high risk.
Overcrowded homes also contribute to higher pneumonia levels. In addition, poor children are less likely to be immunized against measles and whooping cough, which are also among major causes of the disease, so strategies must target low-income communities Iago Aspas Copa Mundial Camiseta
, UNICEF said.
The increased use of pneumonia vaccines, particularly in low- income countries, has led to progress against the disease, but inequities exist even in countries with wide coverage.
"Closing the treatment gap between the poor and the better off is crucial to bringing down preventable deaths from pneumonia," Chopra said. "The more we focus on the causes and the known solutions, the faster we will bring this childhood scourge under control."
World Pneumonia Day is observed annually on Nov. 12 to raise awareness of pneumonia, promote prevention and treatment Alberto Moreno Copa Mundial Camiseta
, and generate action to fight the illness. The United Nations first celebrated the day on Nov. 12, 2009.
Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs, making breathing painful and limiting oxygen intake. Pneumonia is the biggest killer of children under age five worldwide. Nearly one in five global child deaths result from pneumonia every year. Moreover, this is a preventable and treatable illness via vaccines, antibiotic treatment, and improved sanitation.
Also on Wednesday, UNICEF's Supply Division called on innovators to work on improved and more easily affordable respiratory rate timers to aid in the timely recognition and management of pneumonia. Scaling up the availability of inexpensive medicines Sergio Ramos Copa Mundial Camiseta
, such as the antibiotic amoxicillin, will help reduce the treatment gap, especially among hard-to-reach populations, UNICEF said.
Simple measures such as early and exclusive breastfeeding; hand- washing with soap; vaccination; and provision of micronutrients will also reduce the incidence of pneumonia, UNICEF said.
In a separate news release, the Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia stressed that as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) deadline of 2015 approaches, it is necessary to increase progress and boost political commitment towards reducing child mortality. This requires addressing preventable deaths from pneumonia Nacho Fernandez Copa Mundial Camiseta
, other infectious diseases, and complications around prematurity at childbirth.
The MDGs are a set of anti-poverty targets to be reached by 2015.
"Combating pneumonia is essential to achieving the Millennium Development Goals related to health and child survival, and to laying the groundwork for ending all preventable maternal and child deaths by 2030," said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in the Coalition's statement.
"We need a persistent and integrated approach to this preventable and treatable killer of children. I call on all sectors to come together now to defeat this disease," he said.
The Coalition stressed that although the number of under-five deaths worldwide has decreased by half since 1990, many countries are not on track to reach MDG 4, which calls for a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality by 2015.
Poor and rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia are most behind on achieving this goal Kepa Arrizabalaga Copa Mundial Camiseta
, with India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ethiopia accounting for almost 50 percent of total pneumonia child deaths.
Together, pneumonia and diarrhea account for one quarter of all under-five deaths worldwide, and can largely be targeted by the same interventions. Moreover Luis Alberto Copa Mundial Camiseta
, bringing childhood healthcare closer to the homes of those most affected increases their access to quality prevention and care, which can save the lives of hundreds of thousands of children.
Meanwhile, the Coalition noted that the Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea of the UN World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF proposes a cohesive approach to ending preventable pneumonia and diarrhea deaths.
"Tackling pneumonia requires an integrated approach to look at ways to prevent and protect children from developing pneumonia in the first place, as well as ways to accurately diagnose and treat the infection when present," said Flavia Bustreo, WHO's assistant director-general for family, women's and children's health.
A key intervention is to prevent exposure to indoor air pollution Vitolo Copa Mundial Camiseta
, she said, noting that those most vulnerable include young children as well as women, who spend the most time near the domestic hearth. Globally, more than 50 percent of pneumonia deaths among children under five are linked to household air polWater sports are reall. Wholesale Shirts Cheap Shirts Cheap T-shirts Cheap NCAA Jerseys Wholesale Cheap Hats Cheap NHL Shirts Cheap NFL Shirts Cheap NBA Hats Cheap Baseball Hats Cheap Hats China